ji', Labadan Family of the Philippines i>'
'; in honor of
W,|l^ Mario M. Labadan, Ph.D. '69
Mario C. Labadan, Jr. MS '96 P
v^ I- A W
3 1924 101 927 139
Cbc jVToro JMaesacrc
LETTER BY MOORFIELD
STOREY, ESQ., PRESI-
DENT OF THE ANTI-
YOU ARE EARNESTLY ASKED TO HAND THIS AFTER
READING TO SOM^ OTHER PERSON WHO WILL
ALSO GIVE IT CAREFUL CONSIDERATION
Anti-Imperialist Leairue, 20 Central Street, Boston, Mass.
THE nORO HASSACRE.
Letter by Moovfield Storey, Esq., President of the Anti-
The cable from Manila brings us the news of an
exploit by which, in the words of the President, our
soldiers "have upheld the honor of the American flag"
and over which this civilized Christian nation is
expected to rejoice. What is it ?
The island of Jolo is one of the smaller Philippine
islands. Its area by the last encyclopaedia is given at
333 square miles, and its population cannot be large, as
the same authority gives the population of the whole
Sulu archipelago, consisting of 188 islands, with a total
area of 2029 square miles^ as 32,620. In a crater at
the top of a steep mountain were gathered a body of
Moros, or, as Gen. Wood in his official report says, the
position was "defended by an invisible army of Moros."
This place was attacked by our troops, and, to quote the
ofiBcial report, "all the defenders of the Moro stronghold
were killed. Six hundred bodies were found on the
field. * * * The action resulted in the extinction of a
band of outlaws."
What was their ofEence? Gen. Wood describes it by
saying that they were men "who, recognizing no chief,
had been raiding friendly Moros, and who, owing to
their defiance of the American authorities, had stirred
up a dangerous state of affairs."
A later unofficial report says that "the families of the
Moros remained in the villages located in the centre of
the crater at the apex of the mountain, and the women
and children mingled with the warriors during the bat-
tle to such an extent that it was impossible to discrimi-
nate, and many were killed in the fierce onslaught."
The severity of the resistance may be gathered from
the fact that though the Moros are described as having
an almost impregnable position, our forces lost only 18
killed and 52 wounded.
No prisoners were taken. No wounded remained
alive when the conflict was over and 600 human beings
were slain •without rrtercy. Not even women and chil-
dren in the villages were spared. -Every American must
regret deeply when any of our brave countrymen are
killed or wounded, but that regret must be far greater
when they are sent to their deaths for such work as this.
Suppose we had heard that the British had dealt thus
with a Boer force, that the Turks had so attacked and
slaughtered Armenians, that colored men had so inas-
sacred white men, or even that 600 song birds had been
slaughtered for their plumage, would not our papers
hav6 been filled with protests and expressions of horror ?
They "recognized no chief and had been raiding friendly
Moros." What was their side of the story? No man
lives to tell it. They have been exterminated. Is it
possible that this is all the greatest and freest nation
in the world, as we like to believe ourselves, can do for
a people over whom wo insist on extending our benev-
This outrage unha})pily is only one in a series. The
bloody record of Philippine conquest tells of many bat-
tles where Filipinos were killed, but none were wounded
and no prisoners were taken; of systematic torture, of
villages destroyed by wholesale, of cruel reconcentra-
tions, of brutality in every form. The responsibility for
this cruel policy — certainly the responsibility for this
last crime — is with the President and the secretary of
war. If they had really desired to stop this work, they
could have done it, but they have taken the opposite
course. Save Gen. Smith, who was made a scapegoat
when the public conscience was aroused by the horrors
•of Samar, no officer has been punished for cruelty.
Bell, Waller, Howse and others who were the immediate
actors have been honored and promoted. Miles, Hunter
and others who pleaded for humaner methods have been
discredited and abused. Brutality has *been rewarded,
humanity has been punished. The President now con-
gratulates Gen., Wood on his "brilliant feat of arms"
and praises this wholesale murder. It is idle to claim
that it was a battle. There is no body of men, women
or children not one of whom will ask for mercy. In no
desperate battle are losses so unequal.
The spirit which slaughters brown men in Jolo is the
spirit which lynches black men in the South. When
such crimes go unpunished^ far more when the men who
commit them are praised and rewarded, the youth of the
country is taught an evil lesson. Eace prejudice is
strengthened and the love of justice, the corner-stone of
free institutions, is weakened. When a man is lynched
the community which tolerates tJie offence suffers more
than the victim. .When we honor brutality in our army
we brutalize ourselves. Our colleges have failed if they
have not taught a better civilization than this, our
churches have failed if this is their Christianity, '
These Mores were robbers, it is said. Alas, what are
we ? We who ,went as their allies and friends, who
made a treaty with them to be kept while it suited our
convenience and then repudiated, and who now have
robbed them of their country, their freedom and finally
of their lives. Have they ever injured us that we in-
vade their little island and kill them in their homes?
"They do not know how to govern themselves." That
is our excuse, and how do we govern them? We
have shown them how little we regard our
agreements, and when they "stir up a dangerous
state of affairs" we exterminate them. Thus we teach
the Filipinos what American civilization means.
This nation cannot escape the inexorable law, which
was stated by Emerson, "The dice of God are always
loaded. * * * Every crime is punished. * * * Every
wrong redressed in silence and certainty." Why must
we persist in a policy which is repugnant to all our
beliefs, which has lowered- all our standards, which
brings us no material profit, which has reduced the
unhappy Filipinos to misery and which has placed upon
our flag so many indelible stains of which the blood
shed in the massacre of Jolo is the latest ! Are we so
low that we must applaud such deeds ?
The responsibility for them in the last resort rests
upon the American people. They cannot shift it to
their servants unless they condemn such acts. Their
silence is approval. Their approval makes them
partners in the erimc
President Anti-Imperialist League.
You are earnestly ashed to hand this after reading
to some other person who will also give it careful con-
Anti-Tmperialist League, 20 Ceiitrnl Street, Boston, Mass.
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tine Cornell University Library.
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